Foundation Makeup Tips - How to Apply Foundation
Foundations come in several forms like emulsions,
creams, liquids, gels, cakes and powders - these different forms
contain the same basic ingredients, but differ in texture.and
finish, because the components are present in different proportions.
The basic formulation of the foundation is based
on colouring agents (usually derived from iron oxide or titanium
oxide), a wax (which gives an even flow and smooth finish), some
form of cellulose (to make the foundation thick and adherent), an
emulsifier, preservatives, and usually a perfume.
Foundations are designed to give a soft, even,
natural glow to the face. The best coverage comes with the use of
the right colour and product type and not from the amount of
foundation you apply. Get your foundation base right - in form, in
colour, and in application - and you have truly laid a foundation to
a dazzling look - a smooth and perfectly toned canvas on which you
can create a really beautiful picture.
However, if you use a foundation which doesnot
suit your skin type, you might develop problems:for instance, if you
have an oily skin and you use a foundation formulated for dry
skin-(containing more oil), you could develop pimples.This can
easily be remedied by changing over to a suitable preparation.
Rarely, how-ever, you may develop an allergy to the foundation in
which case, you should either stop using foundation or change over
to the some- what safer hypo-allergic products.
Choosing your foundation
There are two aspects of foundations which
require selection - the form and the colour. The first thing you
have to decide on, is the form of the foundation. Some forms are
more suited to certain skin types than others. A dry skin is best
served by an oil-based foundation (cream type) as this gives
additional moisture. An oily skin requires a less oily foundation-
even an oil-free, water-based one (cake or stick form). For normal
skin it is easy to choose. Emulsions and liquid foundations can be
formulated to suit all skin types. So you must stick to the
recommendations on the label.
Skin type apart, age and the basic condition of
your skin would also influence the choice of your foundation. The
better the condition of the skin, the thinner should the foundation
be; so light sheer liquids are good on young or fine skins. Alight
liquid may also be the best choice for an older skin, though two
coats may be required to give full coverage; a heavier product on
such a skin may emphasize the lines and the skin creases. If your
skin is in a poor condition (has an uneven colour or tone or is
blemished) then a heavier foundation (cream or stick) will give a
better appearance. If you have a fine skin and you want a natural
appearance, then use the gel foundations.
If you are already using a foundation but are not
sure to which category it belongs, you can find this out by putting
a drop of the foundation into a dish of water. If the foundation
disperses easily and can be stirred into the water to form a cloudy
liquid, it is predominantly water-based and can be used if you have
an oily skin; if, however, it remains in a blob and on stirring
breaks up into smaller blobs, it is oil based and should be used on
dry skins and not on oily skins.
The next thing is to choose the colour: from a
wide variety of colours now available, it should not be too
difficult to choose a shade that matches the natural colouring of
your face. A harmnised make-up base must match the natural skin tone
of the person as much as possible-for the gold hannony of skin
colour use beige, brownish-gold or ochre and for the bluish harmony
use pinkish-beige, peach orpinkish ochre.
If there are more than one colour tones in your
face then match the foundation to the middle tone. This colour
matching is best done in day-light and not in artificial light.
While choosing colour of the foundation, it would be ideal to test
it on your face, failing which,the next best area to match is, the
inside of your wrist.
Application technique for Applying Foundation
Put a little foundation on the hand (add a
complementary tone if necessary). Dot it over the face - on the
nose, the cheeks, the chin and the temples and in between the brows.
Using the tips of two fingers or a small clean, dampened sponge
(from which excess water has been removed) blend the foundation.
Always worle from the face out-wards, to avoid an accumulation of
the foundation around the hairline- move from the cheeks to the
ears, from the temples up and out to the hairline, from between the
brows down over the nose, from the chin out towards the jaw, then
onto the neck WorK quickly, carefully and lightly. Blend well around
the hairline, on the neck, below the eyes and behind the ears. Also
take the foundation over the eyelids. Finally blot the face with a
clean dry tissue, pressing it lightly over the skin.
How to Apply Foundation - Applying Tips
Mixing two foundation colours - one which matches
your skin and the other which complements your natural colouring
could have a dramatic effect. The complementary colours should be
chosen with equal care: unattractive skin tones like floridity, can
be balanced by a beige tone, while a slightly pink foundation will
warm a sallow complexion.
Use of a blusher: After facial make-up, the next
thing that comes on the face is the blusher. This is a highlighting
colour, that is applied on the high edge of the cheek bones and
blended to create a natural-looking blush on the cheeks. The
predominant form today is the powder blusher - this is the successor
to the original rouge. Cream blushers are somewhat newer than powder
blushers. Blushers also come in two colour hannonies: the gold
hannony with coral, orange and reddish brown tones and the bluish
hannony with rose-beige colours. Remember that here too you must
select both the right form and the right colour. Foundation is
always applied downwards, to minimize the impact of facial hair.
Take out a small blob of foundation on the palm
of your hand. As foundation dries up fast, dot foundation section by
section on the face.
Always use a foundation with a sunscreen of at
least 15 to prevent future sun damage.
After you apply foundation go near a window to
make sure it looks natural. Natural light is the ultimate test.
When applying foundation, stop about an inch
above the jaw line then blend downward past the jaw to avoid a line
To minimize the appearance of fine lines and
wrinkles, avoid heavy foundation and opt for a lightweight
foundation or one of the powders with micronized talc.
To give ruddy skin a smooth and flawless
appearance, use a green foundation under your regular foundation.
How to Buy Foundation Tips
Make sure the foundation is well blended. Blot
the face lightly with a tissue; especially over the forehead, nose
and chin. Pickup the powder on the puff and press it finnly ont he
face, one area at a time. Don't try to smooth it on by massaging the
puff over the . face.Now using a soft, thick powder brush, whisk
away the excess, with downward move- ment to stop the powder getting
caught in the finefacial hair.
Test foundation on the inside of the forearm-skin
tone is closest to neck colour there, because it's protected from UV
damage. Makeup should blend with the skin colour of the neck, not
Don't make up your mind instantly. It takes about
a minute for colour to dry and interact with the chemicals in your
skin. The red pigments develop first so it will appear the pinkest
at the beginning.
Then go to the nearest source of natural light.
(Even the most flattering uplit cosmetics hall tends to have colour-distorting
fluorescent lighting.) If you have chosen the right colour, it will
disappear into the skin.